Española, New Mexico Facts:
- County: Rio Arriba, Santa Fe
- Coverage Area (Total): 8.5sq. miles
- Elevation: 5,595 ft.
- Population: 10,495
- Cities/Towns covered in local Names and Numbers Phone Book: Abiquiu, Alcalde, Arroyo Seco, Brazos, Canjilon, Canones, Chama, Chamisal, Chamita, Chili, Chimayo, Cordova, Coyote, Dixon, El Guique, El Llano, El Rito, Embudo, Española, Gallina, Hernandez, La Madera, La Mesilla, La Puebla, La Villita, Los Luceros, Los Ojos, Lyden, Medanales, Ohkay Owingeh, Ojo Caliente, Ojo Sarco, Peñasco, Ranchitos, Rio Lucio, San Juan Pueblo, San Pedro, Santa Clara Pueblo, Santa Cruz, Sombrillo, Tierra Amarilla, Tres Piedras, Truchas, Vadito, Vallecitos, Velarde
The extension of the famous Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad into present-day Española in 1880 was the cornerstone of the town's establishment. This new route, known as the "Chili Line," was built along the Rio Grande and extended into the downtown area. The result was an influx of merchants and settlers into Española, which was incorporated as a city in 1925.
As use of the railroad began to dissipate in the early-to-mid 1900s, leading to local unemployment and the railroad's closure in the early 1940s, Española residents began to seek work in area communities. Many residents followed the railroad to Santa Fe and Albuquerque to find jobs, causing reductions in the city's population. Many of the remaining Española residents turned to farming as a source of income.
Española maintains a variety of attractions including:Back to Top